Thai cuisine (Thai: อาหารไทย, rtgs: Ahan Thai, pronounced [ʔāː.hǎːn tʰāj]) is the national cuisine of Thailand. Balance, detail, and variety are of paramount significance to Thai chefs.
Thai cooking places emphasis on lightly prepared dishes with strong aromatic components and a spicy edge. It is known for its complex interplay of at least three and up to four or five fundamental taste senses in each dish or the overall meal: sour, sweet, salty, bitter, and spicy. Thai chef McDang characterises Thai food as demonstrating “intricacy; attention to detail; texture; color; taste; and the use of ingredients with medicinal benefits, as well as good flavor”, as well as care being given to the food’s appearance, smell and context. Australian chef David Thompson, an expert on Thai food, observes that unlike many other cuisines, Thai cooking rejects simplicity and is about “the juggling of disparate elements to create a harmonious finish”.
Indonesian cuisine is one of the most vibrant and colourful cuisines in the world, full of intense flavour. It is diverse, in part because Indonesia is composed of approximately 6,000 populated islands of the total 17,508 in the world’s largest archipelago, with more than 300 ethnic groups calling Indonesia home. Many regional cuisines exist, often based upon indigenous culture and foreign influences. Indonesia has around 5,350 traditional recipes, with 30 of them considered the most important. Indonesia’s cuisine may include rice, noodle and soup dishes in modest local eateries to street-side snacks and top-dollar plates.
In 2011, Indonesian cuisine began to gain worldwide recognition, with three of its popular dishes make it to the list of ‘World’s 50 Most Delicious Foods (Readers’ Pick)’, a worldwide online poll by 35,000 people held by CNN International. Rendang top the list as the number one, followed closely by nasi goreng in number two, and satay in number fourteen.
Indonesian cuisine varies greatly by region and has many different influences. Sumatran cuisine, for example, often has Middle Eastern and Indian influences, featuring curried meat and vegetables such as gulai and curry, while Javanese cuisine is mostly indigenous, with some hint of Chinese influence. The cuisines of Eastern Indonesia are similar to Polynesian and Melanesian cuisine. Elements of Chinese cuisine can be seen in Indonesian cuisine: foods such as noodles, meat balls, and spring rolls have been completely assimilated.
Vietnamese food has a characteristic mild taste. In this classic recipe, coconut milk is used to make a creamy sauce that is just added sugar, nuoc mam (fish sauce) and white pepper.
Snow peas, which add a sweet crunch to this recipe, were an early spring crop in ancient China, harvested when snow was still on the ground, hence their name. Napa cabbage has a sweet, mild taste and can be used raw in salads, as it is here. Toasting the walnuts first will bring out their flavor.
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A spicy Asian soupe recipe found on foodandwine.com
The chef’s way: For this spicy, soothing and restorative chicken-and-rice soup, Ratha Chau prepares his own delectable chicken stock and roasts a chicken, which is then cut into large pieces and added to it.
The easy way: Using prepared stock and preroasted chicken significantly cuts back on prep time.
I’m a real sucker for deep fried bananas. When at a Thai or Chinese restaurant I don’t even bother to check the menu when it’s time for dessert, I know what I want, deep fried bananas
The fine flavor combination of sake (rice liquor) and goma (sesame seeds) gives a real flair to the tender chicken meat. For the sauce used ground, toasted sesame seeds or the Middle Eastern tahini paste. You can also use peanut butter, although this ingredient is not quite as authentic.
Tamarindus indica is probably indigenous to tropical Africa, but has been cultivated for so long on the Indian subcontinent that it is sometimes also reported to be indigenous there, where it is known as imli in Hindi-Urdu. It grows wild in Africa in locales as diverse as Sudan, Cameroon, Nigeria and Tanzania. In Arabia, it is found growing wild in Oman, especially Dhofar, where it grows on the sea-facing slopes of mountains. It reached South Asia likely through human transportation and cultivation several thousand years prior to the Common Era. It is widely distributed throughout the tropical belt, from Africa to South Asia, Northern Australia, and throughout Oceania, Southeast Asia, Taiwan and China.
The fruit pulp is edible. The hard green pulp of a young fruit is considered by many to be too sour, but is often used as a component of savory dishes, as a pickling agent or as a means of making certain poisonous yams in Ghana safe for human consumption.
The ripened fruit is considered the more palatable, as it becomes sweeter and less sour (acidic) as it matures. It is used in desserts, as a jam, blended into juices, or sweetened drinks, sorbets, ice creams and other snacks. In Western cuisine, it is found in Worcestershire sauce. In most parts of India, tamarind extract is used to flavor foods ranging from meals to snacks, and tamarind sweet chutney is popular in India as a dressing for many snacks. Tamarind pulp is a key ingredient in flavoring curries and tamarind rice in South Indian cuisine. Across the Middle East, from the Levant to Iran, tamarind is used in savory dishes, notable meat-based stews, and often combined with dried fruits to achieve a sweet-sour tang.
A traditional food plant in Africa, tamarind has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable landcare. In Madagascar, its fruits and leaves are a well-known favorite of the ring-tailed lemurs, providing as much as 50% of their food resources during the year if available.
A classic Asian bread recipe found on food52.com
Milk bread is a staple in Asian bakeries. It’s a pillowy-soft, sweet, and fragrant enriched bread made with cream and a special roux-like paste called tangzhong, which adds structure to the crumb to yield an especially fluffy, cloud-like texture.
A classic Chinese recipe found on food.com
These Chinese appetizer is baked instead of fried, making them lower in fat. They are absolutely delicious!
A great recipe from the Punjab region found on Sailusfood.com
Lachha paratha is a popular Indian flat bread that’s flaky with mutiple layers, crisp on the outside with soft interiors. Usually prepared with whole wheat flour or atta, this layered paratha has its origins in Punjab and is also known as lachedar paratha.
- Italian Chicken Noodle Casserole (2cookinmamas.com)
- 12 Lighter Casseroles for Spring – Recipes from The Kitchn (thekitchn.com)
- Beefy Lima Bean Casserole #SundaySupper (cindysrecipesandwritings.com)
- Ground Turkey and Egg Casserole (hungrylittlegirl.com)
A recipe from “God Mat Fra Hele Verden” (Delicious Food From The Whole World) published by Schibsted in 1971
Chinese food is not, as many believe, strong and spicy. It is mild, tasty and light. Typically Chinese dishes can be otherwise characterized in that all the ingredients are small and finely cut and mixed with a sense of what goes well together what flavour and colour are concerned. Incidentally texture also plays a big role, there is always something to “chew” on Chinese food. The vegetables are never too much cooked and thick sauces does not exist. Sauces are thickened lightly with potato starch to provide a smooth and light sauce. The Chinese always use oil for frying, preferably peanut oil or sesame oil. Chinese or Japanese soy, which is black and salt, are an indispensable seasoning, as is ginger. Chinese food should never be left to simmer long, but be cooked quickly and served fresh.
- Chinese Vegetables (greetingsmelange.com)
- Chinese Vegetarian Food (greetingsmelange.com)
- 10 Chinese Dishes Real Chinese People Do Eat (And Where to Find Them) – Eater (gourmetunique.com)