A Short History of Sauerkraut

The History of Sauerkraut
Contemporary Chinese sour cabbage

Although sauerkraut – German for “sour cabbage” – is thought of as a German invention, Chinese laborers building the Great Wall of China over 2,000 years ago ate it as standard fare. Chinese sauerkraut, made from shredded cabbage fermented in rice wine.

Most likely it was brought to Europe 1000 years later by Gengis Kahn after plundering China.

The History of Sauerkraut
Gengis Kahn

Although in Germany instead of using the wine they dry cured it by sprinkling salt on the shredded cabbage. The water is then drawn out of the cabbage to make the juice that you see that accompanies the kraut.

The History of Sauerkraut
Typical German dish with sauerkraut

The History of SauerkrautThe Dutch, who were great sea-fearing traders used sauerkraut on their ships as it did not need refrigeration and helped prevent scurvy.

Today’s sauerkraut is made by combining shredded cabbage, salt and sometimes spices, and allowing the mixture to ferment. It can be purchased in jars and cans in supermarkets. Fresh sauerkraut is sold in delicatessens and in plastic bags in a supermarket’s refrigerated section. The History of SauerkrautIt should be rinsed before being used in casseroles, as a side dish and even on sandwiches like the famous Reuben Sandwich. Sauerkraut is an excellent source of vitamin C as well as of some of the B vitamins.

There is a theory that the Tartars introduced the acid cabbage from the Orient into eastern Europe, and from there kraut went to Germany, Alsace-Lorraine, and France.

Chinese Style Steamed Halibut with Cabbage / Kokt Kveite på Kinesisk Vis

A Chinese style lunch recipe found in “Internasjonale Retter med Norsk Fisk” (International dishes with Norwegian Fish) published
by Wennergren – Cappelen in 1987

Chinese Style Steamed Halibut with Cabbage / Kokt Kveite på Kinesisk Vis

A Chinese steamer like the one on the picture is a great addition to any kitchen and can be used to steam just about anything. Rise, fish,
vegetables, shelfish, you name it. If you haven’t already got one,
go get one.

Ted
Winking smile

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Homemade Stewed Cabbage / Hjemmelaget Stuet Kål

A classic Norwegian side dish recipe found on frukt.no
Homemade Stewed Cabbage / Hjemmelaget Stuet Kål

Stewed cabbage is a classic Norwegian side dish that you easily make yourself. It is usually served with meat balls, dinner sausages and any sort of smoked meat.

You can buy packages of half finished stewed cabbage (cooked, dried cabbage flakes and the dry ingredients for the sauce) at most grocers here in Norway, but the result is nothing compared with what you get if you cook stewed cabbage from scratch yourself.

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Bindae Duk – Korean Mung Pancakes / Koreanske Mungbønnepannekaker

A Korean pancake recipe found in “Asia – En Kulinarisk Reise”
(A Culinary Voyage) published by Grøndahl Dreyer in 1987

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Small, crispy fried pancakes made of ground mung beans with diced ham and kim chee is a tasty appetizer served with flavorings such as chilisauce and soy sauce. They can be eaten both hot and cold.

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The Christmas Recipes – Part 23

The Christmas Recipes – Part 23

Reindeer Steak With Baked Red Cabbage & Parsnip Purée / Reinsdyrstek Med Ovnsbakt Rødkål & Pastinakkpuré

Reindeer Steak With Baked Red Cabbage & Parsnip Purée / Reinsdyrstek Med Ovnsbakt Rødkål & Pastinakkpuré

Anise Toffees / Aniskarameller

Anise Toffees / Aniskarameller

Danish Pork Roast with Browned Potatoes / Dansk Svinestek med Brunede Poteter

A classic Danish dinner recipe found in “Kulinarisk Pass”
(Culinary Passport) published by Tupperware in 1970

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If you’ve never tried to brown potatoes like the Danish do you’re
in for a real treat. They are absolutely delicious.

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Cured Ham with Summer Cabbage / Spekeskinke med Sommerkål

A classic Norwegian summer dinner found on matprat.no
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Cured meats for dinner has long-standing traditions in Norway. Along with potatoes, cabbage, scrambled eggs or other nice vegetables, it leaves you both satisfied and happy.

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Traditional Irish Bacon, Cabbage, and Parsley Sauce / Tradisjonell Irsk Bacon, Kål og Persillesaus

A classic Irish dish found on marthastewart.com610_Traditional Irish Bacon, Cabbage, and Parsley Sauce_post

Irish bacon with cabbage is the original, quintessential St. Patrick’s Day dish. This version, which includes a mouthwatering parsley sauce, is from “Forgotten Skills of Cooking” by Darina Allen.

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Old Fashioned Chocolate Fudge / Gammeldags Amerikansk Sjokoladefudge

A sweet recipe found in “Hershey Favourite Recipes”
published in 1937
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Origin of Fudge

traditional badge americanAmerican-style fudge (containing chocolate) is found in a letter written by Emelyn Battersby Hartridge, a student at Vassar College in Poughkeepsie, New York. She wrote that her schoolmate’s cousin made fudge in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1886 and sold it for 40 cents a pound. Hartridge obtained the fudge recipe and, in 1888, made 30 lb (14 kg) of fudge for the Vassar College Senior Auction. This Vassar fudge recipe became quite popular at the school for years to come.

000_fudgeWord of this popular confectionery spread to other women’s colleges. For example, Wellesley College and Smith College have their own versions of a fudge recipe dating from the late 19th or early 20th century.

In the late 19th century, shops on Mackinac Island in Michigan began to produce similar products for summer vacationers. Fudge is still produced in some of the original shops on Mackinac Island and the surrounding area. Mackinac Island Fudge ice cream, a vanilla ice cream with chunks of fudge blended in, is also very common in this region and across the United States.

New England Boiled Dinner / Kokt Salt Kjøtt fra New England

A classic recipe found in “Robert Carrier’s Kitchen Cook Book” published by Marshall Cavendish Ltd in 1980
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traditional badge americanThis easy-to-prepare, one-pot meal is based on freshly-cooked, home-made salt beef and cabbage plus all the root vegetables you have at hand. Serve it with freshly-cooked beetroots, sliced and sprinkled with vinegar.

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Chicken Meat Patties / Kyllingkjøttkaker

A new take on the traditional Norwegian meat patties
found on matprat.no
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Traditional Norwegian meat patties are typically made of beef mince, but could just as well be made of chicken mince. With gravy, stewed cabbage and lingonberry jam the chicken patties get the right traditional touch.

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Cabbage Roulettes with White Sauce / Kålruletter med Hvit Saus

A traditional dinner recipe from “Gode, Gamle Oppskrifter” (Good, Old Recipes) by Ingrid Espelid Hovig published by Gyldendal in 1991
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This is tasty food for young and old. Cabbage roulettes are at their best made with summer cabbage or freshly harvested winter cabbage. Cabbage stored throughout the winter often gets a bit chewy. Leaf of Chinese cabbage can also be used. As filling for cabbage rolls you can use the same farce as for meatball, but make the farce a little looser. Shop bought meat farce has a nice consistency and is easy to use.

Cabbage roulettes has a long tradition as Sunday dinner here in Norway.

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The Hunter Midnight Snack / Jegerens Nattmat

A recipe for a tasty evening meal found on frukt.no
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This dish is based on a German variation on the Scandinavian sour cabbage; fried cabbage with bacon and cooked in dark beer. A tasteful evening snack for hungry hunters or weary skiers.

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Bavarian Gammon / Bayersk Svinekam

A recipe from “Cattelins Kokebok” (Cattelin’s Cook Book) published by Den Norske Bokklubb in 1977bayersk svinekam_post

Gammon is of course familiar to you, but the cabbage is perhaps a new acquaintance. The “Bavarian” with this cabbage is that it is a kind of fresh sour cabbage. Here you get the sour flavor by adding vinegar. Typical South German is also the cabbage-onion-vinegar-pork mix. What ever, it is really delicious, and hearty.

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Polish Bigosch / Polsk Bigosch

The Polish national dish found in “God Mat Fra Hele Verden”
(Delicious Food From All The World) published in 1971
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There is no real recipe for this Polish national dish. It is varied from region to region and from house to house. It is a typical example of a “one takes what one has” kind of dish. Most common is the use of pork, but it is made with chicken and game too.

In this recipe cabbage is used as the main ingredient beside meat, but you can also add potatoes and apples to the dish.

For modern people this is a hearty main course, but in older times when the demands for a heavy meal was much larger than we know them, the dish was also served as an appetizer. They did not eat from plates, but everyone helped themselves directly from the pot.

000_recipe_eng_flagg Recipe in English  000_recipe_nor_flagg Oppskrift på norsk

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